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an animating principle of the mind,
The pre-Germanic form was *ghoisdo-s, apparently from a root denoting "fury, anger"

"soul", "spirit", "vital principle", "mind" or "psyche", the seat of feeling, thought and moral judgement

Someone haunted, died tragically or suffered trauma in life


Poltergeist: literally a "noisy ghost", for a spirit said to manifest itself by invisibly moving and influencing objects.
A revenant is a deceased person returning from the dead to haunt the living,


In many traditional accounts, ghosts were often thought to be deceased people looking for vengeance (vengeful ghosts)

The concept of a vengeful ghost.

the ghosts roam the world of the living as restless spirits, seeking to have their grievances redressed, and return to the world of the dead after justice is done, but in some cases remain unappeased.

Mostly female, said to be women that were unjustly treated and died in despair.

Rusalka - people who die violently and before their time

[W]illies - Cursed spirits of women who had been frivolous in their lifetimes, will never meet their true love. If they do, they are cursed to die.. must disappear at the break of dawn. Vilas are said to be able to bring upon storms and other weather. Offerings for Vila consist of round cakes, ribbons, fresh fruits, and vegetables or flowers left at sacred sites


Egypt: ability to assist or harm the living,
Classical world: appeared in the form of vapor or smoke,
The ancient Romans believed a ghost could be used to exact revenge on an enemy by scratching a curse on a piece of lead or pottery and placing it into a grave

Ghosts reported in medieval Europe tended to fall into two categories: the souls of the dead, or demons. The souls of the dead returned for a specific purpose. Demonic ghosts were those which existed only to torment or tempt the living. The living could tell them apart by demanding their purpose in the name of Jesus Christ. The soul of a dead person would divulge their mission, while a demonic ghost would be banished at the sound of the Holy Name.

Often they were described as paler and sadder versions of the person they had been while alive

Ghosts can stem from the excessive grief of the living, whose mourning interferes with the dead's peaceful rest

an alternative strategy for social interaction is to present oneself as an absence, as a social ghost - “One reaches out for us but gets no hold of us"

Nick Harkaway considered that we all carry a host of ghosts in our heads, in the form of impressions of past acquaintances – ghosts that represent our maps of other people in the world

Ghost in the Shell- Birth of an intelligence from information. A Ghost.

Cats

Monarch Butterflies / Mexican Day of the Dead

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Anna

April 2015

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